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A reference contains the necessary information about an original source so that it can be easily found again. There are different styles which use different standards to describe how references should appear in text and on a bibliography/works cited page.
Different subjects use different styles. Check with your lecturers if you are unsure which standard is recommended for your subject.
A web-based tutorial on how to write and interpret references.
Interpreting Citations Tutorial » (Thomas Jefferson Library, University of Missouri)
Common for many subject areas. References are written in the body of a text with author’s name and year in parentheses.
Guide to the Harvard System » (Deakin University)
Is used in history, law, theology and other sciences where many unpublished sources are used. The Oxford System uses footnotes placed either at the bottom of a page or at the end of a chapter.
Guide to the Oxford System » (Deakin University)
Used primarily in behavioral and social sciences. Based on The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. References are written in the body of the text with the author’s name and year in parentheses.
Guide to APA System » (University of Wisconsin)
APA Style Help » (American Psychological Association)
ICMJE (Vancouver Style) stands for International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Read their guidelines "Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals".
LIBRIS, the national library catalog, offers an easy way to create references. Choose to copy and past or save as a file for import to a reference management system.