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Exploring the role of optimism as a protective factor for adolescent quality of life
Häggström Westerberg, Katrin, Wilhsson, Marie, Svedberg, Petra, Nygren, Jens M., Antony, Morgan, Nyholm, Maria
Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
This study attempts to understand the role that optimism could play in the context of a health asset approach to promote (and protect) adolescent health related quality of life (HRQOL). Two hypotheses were formulated, a) there is an association between adolescents’ self-rated optimism and pessimism and their HRQOL, (b) age, gender and socio-demographic characteristics influence this association. We explore optimism and pessimism as a bi-dimensional construct and its impact on HRQOL among adolescents in two age groups (11-13 years and 14-16 years). Adolescents answered a self-report questionnaire consisting of two validated scales for measuring HRQOL and the concepts of optimism and pessimism. This study has shown that optimism is an important protective factor for HRQOL and low levels of pessimism were also seen to be protective of HRQOL in both age groups. This infers the potential of an optimistic orientation about future goals might function as a health asset during adolescence that could be useful in the planning of health promotion strategies.
Nyckelord: Health related quality of life; Transition to adulthood; Adolescence; Optimism; Pessimism; Family structure