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Children and young people’s participation in developing interventions in health and well-being : a scoping review

Larsson, Ingrid, Nyman, Carin, Svedberg, Petra, Nygren, Jens M., Carlsson, Ing-Marie
2018

Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)

Abstract:

Background: Greater interest is being shown in participatory approaches, especially in research on interventions that concern children and young people'shealth and well-being. Although participatory approaches have user involvement in common, they differ in terms of the explicit guidance on how to actually involve and engage children and young people in health research. The aim of this scoping review was to systematically map recent research involving children and young people in the development of interventions targeting issues of health and well-being. Methods: An interpretative scoping literature review based on: a scientific literature search in (health and social science) databases, reference lists, a manual search in key journals and contact with existing networks was conducted. A total of 4458 references were identified through the literature search, of which 41 studies published between 2000 and 2017 were included in the review. The target population was children and young people under 25 years old. Level of participation was categorized according to Shier's Pathways to Participation Model. Results: The review showed that participatory approaches were most often used in the development of interventions in school settings and in community and healthcare settings and on issues concerning support in lifestyle or in managing illness or disease. The level of participation varied from children and young people taking part just as active informants, through stages of greater participation both in quantitative and qualitative terms, to children and youngpeople becoming an active agent involved as a co-researcher where the research process was shaped by views of a higher level of mutuality. Most of the studies were categorised at a medium level and only three studies were judged to involve the children and young people at the highest level. Conclusions: This scoping review showed that work remains in enabling children and young people to influence the development of interventions targeting health and well-being. In relation to level of sustainability in the interventions, it is relevant that goals, strategies and processes are formulated by those who can gain from the interventions. Participatory approaches aiming for a higher level of participation where children and young people work together with the researchers in partnerships are thus warranted. © 2018 The Author(s).

Nyckelord: Children; Intervention; Participatory approach; Scoping review; User involvement; Young people

Citera: Larsson, Ingrid, Nyman, Carin, Svedberg, Petra, Nygren, Jens M. & Carlsson, Ing-Marie, Children and young people’s participation in developing interventions in health and well-being a scoping review, BMC Health Services Research., 18:1, 2018https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3219-2