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Experimental Evaluation, Simulation and Statistical Analysis of a Humidification-Dehumidification Solar Desalination System

Ghadirinejad, Nickyar, Ottermo, Fredric, Hoseinzade, A.
2018

Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)

Abstract:

Inspired by the precipitation cycle, the Humidification-Dehumidification (HDH) method is based on evaporation and consecutive condensation in a natural loop. The heat input to the system is provided by a solar collector, making the system suitable for remote locations with access to sea water and good insolation. In this study investigated parameters included temperatures and flow rates of cooling water, cycled air, and water intake to humidifier, as well as the height of packed bed column. A series of simulations has been performed in the ASPEN Plus software, in order to obtain optimum physical parameters in this desalination system. The experimental results showed that at constant heat flux and optimum air flow rate, three parameters have strong influence on the production of distilled water: the flow rate of cooling water, the flow rate of water inlet and its temperature augmentation. Moreover, although increasing flow rate of cooling water leads to an increase in the distilled water flow rate, this effect is mitigated at high rates. The most reliable Height Equivalent to a Theoretical Plate (HETP) model of random packing has been found by opting for the model of Mangers & Ponter. The estimated error of the model in predicting the height of the packed bed was less than 4%. Regarding closed versus open air flow; the closed air system provided an efficiency of distilled water production up to 15% higher than the open air system for the same conditions. This increase is a result of prevention of the loss of air humidity at the condenser outlet. A regression analysis was performed, which indicates that the HDH system can be well described by a linear model for the logarithm of the rate of desalinated water. The variables used are the saline water flow rate, the heat transfer rate in the solar collector and the air flow rate. The adjusted R-squared of the fit was computed as 89.8%.

Nyckelord: Energy engineering; Solar desalination

Citera: Ghadirinejad, Nickyar, Ottermo, Fredric & Hoseinzade, A., Experimental Evaluation, Simulation and Statistical Analysis of a Humidification-Dehumidification Solar Desalination System, 2018