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Psychological predictors of injury occurrence : A prospective investigation of professional Swedish soccer players

Ivarsson, Andreas, Johnson, Urban, Podlog, Leslie

Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)



Athletes participating in sport are exposed to a high injury risk. Previous research has found a great number of risk factors (both physiological and psychological) that could increase injury risk.1 One limitation in previous studies is that few have considered the complex interaction between psychological factors in their research design.

Objective: To study whether personality, stress and coping predicted injury occurrence in an elite soccer population based on a hypothesized model.

Design: Prospective.

Participants: 56 (n = 38 males, n = 18 females) Swedish Premiere league soccer players were selected based on convenience sampling.

Intervention: Participants completed four questionnaires including the: Swedish Universities Scales of Personality,2 Life Events Survey for Collegiate Athletes,3 and Brief COPE4 during the initial questionnaire administration. Subsequent to the first meeting, participants also completed the Hassle and Uplift Scale,5 once per week for a 13-week period throughout the competitive season.

Main Outcome Measures: A path analysis was conducted examining the influence of personality traits (i.e., trait anxiety), state level stressors (i.e., negative life event stress and daily hassles), and coping on injury frequency.

Results: Results of the path analysis indicated that trait anxiety, negative life event stress, and daily hassle−were significant predictors of injury among professional soccer players accounting for 24% of the variance.

Conclusion: The findings highlight the need for athletes, coaches and medical practitioners to attempt to reduce state level stressors, especially, daily hassles in minimizing injury risk. Educating and training athletes and coaches in proactive stress management techniques appears warranted.

Nyckelord: Prospective study; Sport injuries; Sport psychology

Citera: Ivarsson, Andreas, Johnson, Urban & Podlog, Leslie, Psychological predictors of injury occurrence: A prospective investigation of professional Swedish soccer players, Journal of sport rehabilitation., 22:1, s. 19-26, 2013