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Coping strategies among long-term injured competitive athletes. A study of 81 men and women in team and individual sports

Johnson, Urban
1997

Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)

Abstract:

Differences in personality, mood and coping ability between athletes of a high competitive level with long-term injuries (n=81), with a mean age of 24.4 years, and a matched non-injured group (n=64), with a mean age of 24.2 years, were investigated. Three self-rating scales were employed: mood adjective check-list, general coping questionnaire and Karolinska scales of personality. Although no differences in basic personality traits were found, being injured was found to result in a depressed mood state and in the activation of coping strategies directed at receiving help. Comparisons were made between injured male and female athletes as well as between team-sport and individual-sport athletes. Women were found to become more anxious and tense and to have a stronger inclination to use emotion-focused coping strategies. Team-sport athletes were found to cope more in terms of 'passive acceptance' of help from others, whereas individual athletes were found to activate 'problem-solving' strategies in face of a stressor. The results suggest that social aspects of rehabilitative work are important and support the concept that rehabilitative work with long-term injured athletes should be individualized to be maximally effective. They also support the usefulness of cognitive models of the injured athlete's experience of being long-term injured. Such models, however, do not account for differences between the sexes or between individual and team athletes.

Nyckelord: sports; injuries; coping behaviour; personality; gender

Citera: Johnson, Urban, Coping strategies among long-term injured competitive athletes. A study of 81 men and women in team and individual sports, Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports., 7:6, s. 367-372, 1997