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Exploring exercise behavior and well-being of Swedish university students : A self-determination perspective

JONSSON, LINUS, WEMAN JOSEFSSON, KARIN, STAMBULOVA, NATALIA, PAPAIOANNOU, G. ATHANASIOSOS
2013

Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between motivational profile, self-efficacy, basic needs satisfaction, exercise behavior, and well-being among Swedish university students. A set of the instruments including GLTEQ, SHIS, BPNES, BREQ-2 and BARSE was distributed at a university in southern Sweden. The respondents (n=260) included men (n=122) and women (n=138). For analysis and processing of the gathered data SPSS was used with Pearson’s r and Multiple Regression Analysis. The results showed that competence, autonomy and relatedness were positive predictors of self-determined motivation, whilst identified regulation, intrinsic regulation and barrier self-efficacy were positive predictors for strenuous exercise. Moreover, a regression analysis showed that only competence was a significant predictor for well-being; however, positive correlations were shown between all the basic needs and well-being. Satisfaction of the basic needs seem to result in more self-determined motivation and higher levels of barrier self-efficacy, which in turn increases the number of strenuous exercise sessions per week. Furthermore, satisfaction of the basic needs, especially competence through exercise, appears to be important for university students’ well-being. Strenuous exercise itself may also have the potential to positively influence well-being.

Nyckelord: self-determination; exercise; well-being

Citera: Jonsson, Linus, Weman Josefsson, Karin, Stambulova, Natalia & Papaioannou, G. Athanasiosos, Exploring exercise behavior and well-being of Swedish university students: A self-determination perspective, Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum., 2013