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Noise Propagation from a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine

Möllerström, Erik, Larsson, Sebastian, Ottermo, Fredric, Hylander, Jonny, Bååth, Lars
2014

Conference paper (Refereegranskat)

Abstract:

Initial noise measurements were performed on a 200kW vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) and results were compared to that of a Vestas V27, a similar size horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT). Multiple recording units were placed in line downwind of the turbine to investigate noise propagation. The frequency distribution of the noise were analyzed indicating that the VAWT has lower relative levels for frequencies under 3000 Hz, especially within 600-1200 Hz. Furthermore, VAWT noise seems to occur more around the same frequencies as the natural background noise, increasing masking probability. Results from propagation measurements seemed to indicate that noise declines more rapidly with distance for the VAWT then for the reference HAWT, possibly explained by the lower levels at low frequencies. Further investigation is needed to establish these differences and the 200 kW VAWT creates an opportunity doing so utilizing arguably the largest operational VAWT existing today.

Key words: VAWT; Wind Turbine; Propagation

Cite: Möllerström, Erik, Larsson, Sebastian, Ottermo, Fredric, Hylander, Jonny & Bååth, Lars, Noise Propagation from a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine, Proceedings of 43rd International Congress on Noise Control Engineering : Internoise 2014., 2014http://www.acoustics.asn.au/conference_proceedings/INTERNOISE2014/papers/p829.pdf