Per Nilsen's research focuses on implementation science, an interdisciplinary field that concerns the uptake and use of research findings in health care and other sectors of society. Implementation science has developed rapidly during the 2000s, the ambition being to understand how research and evidence-based methods can be translated into routine practice. This research is of great relevance for understanding the challenges that exist regarding the implementation and use of artificial intelligence in healthcare.
Per Nilsen participated in an initiative that Linköping University and the Östergötland Region launched in 2010 to support implementation in healthcare and to capture and investigate important implementation issues. An ambitious research program was built up, with doctoral students and collaborations on implementation projects as well as annual courses at Master's and doctoral level, the latter with students from Sweden, the Nordic countries, Europe and beyond.
Per Nilsen's research interests also include organizational issues, work environment issues, culture, leadership and workplace learning. He has also studied numerous public health issues such as injury prevention, alcohol prevention and physical activity. Writing is a passion. He has developed and lead the doctoral course The Art and Science of Scientific Writing, which conveys principles of scientific writing and features practical writing sessions.
Per Nilsen's research interests can be traced to his varied background, including studies in behavioral economics, with a degree from the School of Economics and in systems development at Linköping University. Before becoming a researcher in 2003, he worked for 15 years as an organizational consultant on competence issues and as the author of internationally published books on artists such as David Bowie, Iggy Pop and Prince